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Fly ash and slag

Both discussed components are obtained, similarly to Portland clinker, in a high-temperature process and commonly used as main constituents of cement and/or as concrete components. The degree of granulated blast-furnace slag utilization in the composition of cement and concrete is over 90%, whereas the fly ash is about 30% .

15+ Different Types of Cement - Their Definition, Properties

The slag cement offers a number of advantages, which are the following. (i) They possess better workability, cohesiveness, and plasticity. These qualities are explained to be due to lesser specific gravity and greater specific surface area of slag cement. (ii) They have better resistance to sulfates of alkali metals, alumina, and iron.

Chemical characteristics of iron and steel slag : NIPPON SLAG

pH Due to the effects of the limestone it contains, the pH of iron and steel slag increases to 10 – 12 when it reacts with water, indicating alkalinity that is the same or lower than that of recycled concrete base course material and cement-stabilized soil.

Influence of slag composition and curing duration on the

Sep 19, 2015 · This study investigated the influence of chemical composition of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) and curing duration on the performance of slag-cement blends; specifically strength and transport properties. Two slags (1 and 2) with Ca/Si ratios of 1.05 and 0.94 respectively, were used to partially replace 30% of a CEM I 52.5R cement.

Blast Furnace Slag - Material Description

Although blast furnace slag contains a small component of elemental sulfur (1 to 2 percent), the leachate tends to be slightly alkaline and does not present a corrosion risk to steel in pilings (10) or to steel embedded in concrete made with blast furnace slag cement or aggregates. (11)

Concrete Aggregate | Stronger Concrete

Apr 08, 2020 · Concrete made with recycled steel slag is 17 percent stronger than traditional concrete. Disposing of slag is a millennia-old problem , but the "waste material" is highly sought in construction.

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For Much Stronger Concrete, Just Add Waste | e-Radio.USa

Concrete made with recycled steel slag is 17 percent stronger than traditional concrete. Disposing of slag is a millennia-old problem, but the “waste material” is highly sought in construction. Recycled slag performed 8 percent better in concrete than “raw” slag.

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Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag

Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) is designated in ASTM C 989 and consists mainly of silicates and aluminosilicates of calcium. GGBFS is divided into three classifications based on its activity index. Grade 80 has a low activity index and is used primarily in mass structures because it generates less heat than portland cement.

Treatment and characterisation of electric arc

Table 1 - Chemical composition of EAF slag.. The basicity index of the slag calculated based on CaO/SiO 2 and CaO/(SiO 2 +P 2 O 5) works out to be 1.85 and 1.78 respectively.The relationship between basicity, phase composition and hydraulic activity of steel slag as reported in the literature is given in Table 2.

Slag or Flyash – What’s the difference? – BGC Cement

For the Western Australian market, slag is more commonly used due to the limited supply and varying quality of flyash in the region. While the names vary depending on country of origin and local abbreviations, BGC Cement and many of its customers generally refer to slag as GGBFS (ground granulated blast furnace slag) or BMS (bulk milled slag).

Composition of cement

Composition of cement. Introduction Portland cement gets its strength from chemical reactions between the cement and water. The process is known as hydration.This is a complex process that is best understood by first understanding the chemical composition of cement.

Iron and Steel Slag Statistics and Information

Iron and Steel Slag Statistics and Information Iron and steel slags are coproducts of iron and steel manufacturing. In the production of iron, the blast furnace is charged with iron ore, fluxing agents, usually limestone and dolomite, and coke as fuel and the reducing agent.


The purpose of this study is to develop blast-furnace slag cement Type A which is to be widely used for concrete structures. Properties of concrete using blast-furnace slag cement Type A, chemical composition of which was modified ...

KR20100002710A - Slag cement composition

CONSTITUTION: A slag cement composition contains a blast furnace slag and Portland slag. The slag cement composition contains one or two kinds selected from aluminum sulfate, calcium hydroxide(Ca(OH)2), waste concrete fine powder and sulphate of soda as an activator. The mixture ratio of blast furnace slag and Portland cement is 1:10-10:1.

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Cement Types - Portland Cement Association

What are the differences in these cement types and how are they tested, produced, and identified in practice? In the most general sense, portland cement is produced by heating sources of lime, iron, silica, and alumina to clinkering temperature (2,500 to 2,800 degrees Fahrenheit) in a rotating kiln, then grinding the clinker to a fine powder.


CHAPTER 1 COMPONENTS OF CONCRETE Concrete is made up of two components, aggregates and paste. Aggregates are generally classi! ed into two groups, ! ne and coarse, and occupy about 60 to 80 percent of the volume of concrete. The paste is composed of cement, water, and entrained air and ordinarily constitutes 20 to 40 percent of the total volume.

PSC | HeidelbergCement India Limited

Normal composition of portland cement is 30 % clinker, 5 % gypsum and 70 % blast furnace granulated slag. The quality of slag used in cement manufacturing is governed by IS 12089:1987. PSC has been voted as the most

Portland Blast-furnace Slag Cement / ASO CEMENT

Portland Blast-furnace Slag Cement. A Portland cement mixed with a designated amount of ground granulated blast-furnace slag. The latent hydraulic property of the blast-furnace slag gives excellent long-term strength. Properties Significant chemoresistance, and Suppression of alkali-aggregate reaction (type B and C). Applications

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Effects of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag in Portland

Slag cement is often referred to as “ground granulated blast-furnace slag” (GGBFS). As requested in 2001 by slag cement manufacturers and the Slag Cement Association, the American Concrete Institute officially reviewed and changed the terminology from GGBFS to slag cement (ACI Committee 233, 2004).

“Ground Granulated Blast Slag (GGBS) In Concrete –

Blast furnace cement (PBFC) and high-slag blast-furnace cement (HSBFC), with GGBS content ranging typically from 30 to 70% and in the production of ready-mixed or site-batched durable concrete. Concrete made

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Slag Topic - American Concrete Institute

Hardened Properties of Green Self-Consolidating Concrete Made with Steel Slag Coarse Aggregates under Hot Conditions. Publication: Materials Journal Date: 1/1/2020 Effect of Cement Composition on Fresh State and Heat of Hydration of Portland Cement with Limestone and Slag

SCMs in Concrete: Slag Cement - National Precast Concrete

Slag cement is typically used at a replacement rate between 30% and 50% by mass of cementitious material. However, in some unique scenarios, slag cement can account for up to 80% of the total cementitious material. An advantage of slag cement is its consistency and uniformity in manufacturing.

Fly Ash, Slag, Silica Fume, and Natural Pozzolans, Chapter 3

Fly Ash, Slag, Silica Fume, and Natural Pozzolans Fly ash, ground granulated blast-furnace slag, silica fume, and natural pozzolans, such as calcined shale, calcined clay or metakaolin, are materials that, when used in conjunc-tion with portland or blended cement, contribute to the properties of the hardened concrete through hydraulic or